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Nigel Farage warned against the concept of an EU army sneakingly manifesting itself as a European reality, and was scorned for it. Then British LibDem leader Nick Clegg called it a dangerous fantasy and inserted that it was irresponsible to turn people against the EU in this fashion.

Two years later, we have a gloating High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini, announcing that European defence coordinated on an EU level, is “not a dream anymore, it’s a reality coming true.

How about that. Mogherini’s full speech can be seen below Farage’s 2015 warning.

But can one actually speak of an EU army in the making? Well, knowing the EU, probably in all but name. The chosen framework for the operation is called Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO), which is described as:

“a Treaty-based framework and process to deepen defence cooperation amongst EU Member States who are capable and willing to do so. The aim is to jointly develop defence capabilities and make them available for EU military operations. This will thus enhance the EU’s capacity as an international security partner, also contributing to protection of Europeans and maximise the effectiveness of defence spending.”